Political System

  • The Political System in Greece is a Parliamentary Republic, based on social justice, the rule of law, the international legitimacy and law and the European acquis. It allows the plurality of political parties and freedom of worship.
  • Greece's political status within the EU is consistent and stable. It is difficult to be undermined or overthrown by a military coup or an illegal separatist movement and all the elections that take place after the fall of the military regime that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974 has integrity.
  • The Greek language is the official language of the State.
  • Greece's capital and largest city is Athens.
  • Greece's population and its suburbs numbering 4 million people.
  • The President is the Head of the State and is elected by Parliament for a period of five years and his post can be renewed only once. The President doesn’t have many duties. His role is ceremonial. The executive power enjoyed by the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers who plan public policy in the State.
  • The Prime Minister is usually the Head of the winning party in the Elections, who has won the majority of parliamentary seats in the Parliament (the number of the MPs who enjoy legislative power is 300 and they are elected by the people in 56 constituencies for a period of four years.
  • The judiciary, is independent from the executive and legislative branches. The political party, which could overcome the barrier of 3% of electoral votes enters the Parliament (the electoral system which gives 50 seats to the first party). The government that is elected needs to get a parliamentary confidence (the support of 151 members of Parliament, the half number of the Parliament's members plus one).
  • The government collapses in the case that it may fail to obtain the voice of parliamentary confidence or losses the support of any of the 151 members.
  • The participation during the elections is obligatory on all those who have exceeded the age of 18 years till 70.
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    HE Mr. Kyriakos Mitsotakis, is the new Greek Prime Minister, after the victory of the New Democracy during the Parliamentary Elections held on 7/7/2019. He succeeded to announce an independent Government.

    The Greek Prime Minister announced the new Ministerial Council, where the Ministers assume their duties after they took the oath in front of His Excellency President  Prokopios Pavlopoulos - President of the Hellenic Republic and His Excellency Mr. Kyriakos Mitsotakis - Prime Minister on Tuesday, July 9, 2019.

    • The New Democracy Party won the Parliamentary Elections held in Greece on July 7, 2019 and was able to form a government composed of his party only with 39.85% of the vote and 158 parliamentary deputies (from total 300).

    The former ruling Syriza Party won the second place with 31.53% of the vote and 86 deputies

    • The Socialist Movement for Change (Kinal) received 8.1% of the vote and 22 deputies

    • Then the Communist Party 5.30% and 15 deputies

    • The "Greek Solution" Party took 3.70% and ten deputies

    • The Party "Day 25" took 3.44% and nine deputies.

    The number of parties participating in the new Parliament decreased from seven to six parties after three parties failed to get the 3% qualification to enter the Parliament. They were replaced by two new Parties, the "Greek Solution" and the "Day 25" Party formed by Yiannis Varovakis, former Minister of Finance, under the government of Syriza Party.

    After the new Government took the oath, the new Prime Minister, His Excellency Mr. Kyriakos Mitsotakis, announced to the Parliament the program of his government and immediately began to implement his promises, which included many visits to EU countries, searching of new investors to invest in Greece, which will provide them with all the facilities and opportunities.